educated Caribbean nationals continue to leave the region
in droves, recent data obtained by CWN indicate.
Latest data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development (OECD), an analysis of the characteristics
of the population of 28 OECD countries around the year 2000,
by country of birth, show the brain drain continues in the
region, including even the smaller Caribbean nations.
Of the 790,000 Jamaican migrants estimated to be living
in OECD nations in 2000 according to A Profile of Immigrant
Populations in the 21st Century, those with a higher education
level were put at just about 25 per cent. It was the highest
number for the English-speaking Caribbean. Of the 303,000
Guyanese migrants overseas in 2000, those tertiary educated
topped the 25 per cent mark.
T&T, ranked third in the 2000 migration scale, with
274,200 nationals in OECD nations. But of that number, a
whopping 30 per cent were tertiary educated. In fact, T&T
migrants accounted for more than 45 per cent of the humanities
and social sciences graduates, according to the report,
which also looked at the top 50 countries with most qualified
nationals in the OEC grouping.
Jamaican migrants or 42 per cent were also qualified with
degrees in humanities and social sciences while a whopping
47 per cent of Guyanese migrants who live in OECD countries
were also graduates in the same field.
T&T, Jamaica and Guyana were the only Caribbean nations
to make that list.
Analysts say based on their survey of migration data, islands
such as Jamaica, Haiti and T&T, have more than 40 per
cent of their highly-skilled populations abroad.
Twenty per cent of Haitis 463,000 migrants overseas
in 2000 were college educated while more than 27 per cent
of the 88,000 plus Barbadians who migrated as of 2000 had
a tertiary degree. The Bahamas suffered a worst fate, with
some 30 per cent of the 30,000 in OECD countries in 2000,
having a college degree.
Meanwhile, the smaller Caribbean nations also suffered the
brain drain. Smaller Caribbean islands such as Grenada,
St Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados and St Lucia also
have very high emigration rates. St Kitts lost 28 per cent
of its 20,000 college educated nationals, who left in 2000
while more than 22 per cent of Dominicas college educated
made up the almost 26,000 who skipped out.
Of the 35,000 plus nationals from St Vincent who migrant,
a quarter of them were college educated while more than
21 per cent of the 24,000-plus St Lucians, who left, are
also tertiary educated.
Surinames estimated 7,000 OECD migrants in 2000 were
largely tertiary educatedsome 31.5 per cent of the
totalas were the 32 per cent of the 2,000 BVI nationals
and more than 25 per cent of those from the USVIs
48,000. Anguilla and Aruba lost a small number of people
to OECD nations as well, but more than 40 per cent of them
were tertiary educated.
Efforts by OECD countries to attract highly skilled workers
affect the supply of skilled people in the countries these
workers leave which are often among the poorest in the world,
the report concluded.
However, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico have less
than 15 per cent of migrants with a tertiary diploma, while
the Turks & Caicos had just above 16 per cent. Montserrat
has just over 11,000 overseas in 2000 with more than 19
per cent being college educated.
The report also revealed that the majority of doctors migrating
to OECD countries are from the Caribbean at expatriation
rates above 50 per cent, means that there are as many doctors
born in these countries working in the OECD area as there
are working in their home countries.
Antigua & Barbuda, Grenada and Guyana were in the top
three position, while doctors, from T&T, St Vincent
and the Grenadines, Haiti, Jamaica and Barbados rounded
out the top 20 list of top migrant doctors. They ranked
at 9th, 11th 12th 14th and 15th, respectively.
Caribbean countries with small populations, notably Jamaica
and Haiti, send a good number of nurses abroad, the report
Caribbean countries, having relatively small populations
while being located close to very big and much richer economies,
have the largest emigration rates: almost one-third of people
born in Jamaica or Puerto Rico live abroad in an OECD country.
For his part, OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, urged
governments of the group of nations to do more to help immigrants
integrate and make better use of their skills.
In practically all OECD countries, immigrants across the
board were found to be more likely to be overqualified for
their job than a person born in that country.
Most Caribbean nationals largely end up working in the personal
and social services sector compared to their Mexican counterparts,
who end up in the agricultural sector, the reports
But Caribbean nationals from nations with higher migration
rates end up working more in the social services and personal
sector, in jobs in the healthcare, child care, education
and other personal care industries. CaribWorldNews